Training Event Calendar
Learn why so many treatment centers may start off with a different tool, but still eventually choose to upgrade to Kipu…the Gold Standard EMR for Addiction Treatment.
Our technological tools have been designed and developed from within the addiction treatment community — engineered to work seamlessly and gracefully together.
Have Questions? Check out our FAQs to see if we have your answer about our Healthcare Billing Software.
KIPU Integrated Billing is the latest in our suite of products designed to optimize and enhance both the clinical and financial aspects of your business!
We’re proud of our technology, and we’d love to show you how it can help your facility achieve excellence and profitability.
Lives depend on our work; FIT and The Right Technology will help us improve.
“For us, Kipu is the best EMR. It lets us get things done quickly, efficiently and without compliance worries.. And always-on support when we need it. Bottom line: better care.”
The 21-item DASS is a set of three self-report scales designed to measure the emotional states of depression, anxiety and stress. A 4-point severity scale measures the extent to which each state has been experienced over the past week (7 days). Each of the three DASS-21 scales contains seven items, divided into subscales with similar content. The depression scale assesses dysphoria, hopelessness, devaluation of life, self-deprecation, lack of interest/involvement, anhedonia and inertia. The anxiety scale assesses autonomic arousal, skeletal muscle effects, situational anxiety, and subjective experience of anxious affect. The stress scale is sensitive to levels of chronic non- specific arousal. It assesses difficulty relaxing, nervous arousal, and being easily upset/agitated, irritable/over-reactive, and impatient. Scores for depression, anxiety, and stress are calculated by summing the scores for the relevant items.
The DASS has good test-retest reliability, high internal consistency, and adequate convergent and discriminant validity with other measures of anxiety and depression (Antony et al., 1998; Brown, Chorpita, Korotitsch, & Barlow, 1997). Little overlap has been found between the three subscales, which is consistent with the tripartite model (Clark & Watson, 1991) upon which the DASS is based. Brown and colleagues (1997) found the depression scale to be most strongly correlated with measures of depression and positive affect, the anxiety scale to be most strongly correlated with measures of physiological arousal and panic, and the stress scale to be most strongly correlated with measures of worry and negative affect than the other two scales.
Scoring: Respondents rate each item to reflect how much it applies to their experience over the preceding week on a Likert scale ranging from 0 (“did not apply to me at all”) to 3 (“applied to me very much”). Subscale score totals are multiplied by 2 in order to be comparable to the DASS means norms, which are based on the 42-item version of the scale. Thus, possible scores on each subscale range from 0 to 42. The two suicidality items (items 22 and 23) are not included in the subscales. The cutoff scores for each subscale are as follows: Depression 0-9 = normal range; 10-13 = mild; 14-20 = moderate; 21-42 = severe Anxiety 0-7 = normal range; 8-9 = mild; 10-14 = moderate; 15-42 = severe Stress 0-14 = normal range; 15-18 = mild; 19-25 = moderate; 26-42 = severe